Entrepreneurs looking to develop their business mobile app or web app are often confused about selecting the right technology stack their app will be built upon. Technology will most likely to affect your business app since it directly influences the performance of your application. The right technology stack is one of the keys to every digital product’s success.
There are many other factors that help you decide the right technology stack for your app, one being the type of application you’re building. You need a team of full stack web developers to identify the right technology stack for your web application development.
In this blogpost, we have listed the full process of what actually needs to be considered when selecting a technology stack. In this guide, you’ll learn everything from the basics of technology stack to its structure and the factors to be considered in choosing the right technology for your dream business app.
Technology Stack & its Structure
A technology stack comprises of tools, frameworks, programming languages, and other technologies required for building software for web or mobile. In simple terms, for developing a web or mobile app, you require a combination of front-end, back-end, and a middleware. These three layers combined together to form a technology stack. Let’s discuss each of these three components in detail with a list of popular technologies developers are relying using:
It’s basically a front placewhere user interactions take place. It is the part that can be visible to audiences. These are the three technologies used in creating a front end development:
- HTML, for describing the structure of content presented on a webpage.
- CSS, abbreviated as cascading style sheets used for formatting the content including colors, layouts & fonts.
In Trend front-End Technologies 2019 & beyond:
Most of the web applications are built with Bootstrap by Twitter as the framework for HTML and CSS. Both framework consist of interactive components built on JQuery and have an availability of comprehensive library with a great user base. Foundation framework is the second-most used framework after Bootstrap that enhances app performance.
Majority of developers are also considering Vue.js as the alternative because of its lightweight structure and versatility.
The back-end involves the part where developers can perform certain actions from the back of the website, not visible to the users. The back end, also known as the server side consists of a server, an application (OS, Web server, Programming language, Web framework), and a database.
In Trend Back-End Technologies 2019 & beyond:
Choosing the back-end technologies is the biggest challenge entrepreneurs or companies face. Here are the most popular back end languages of the year:
1. Ruby (Ruby on Rails)
Perfect for websites like trading platforms, data services, Q&A social website, social networks, global online marketplace, etc. Popular applications running on Ruby on Rails include Airbnb, GitHub, Bloomberg, Fiverr, Groupon.
2. Python (Django, Flask, Pylons, Pand, Numpy, Sklearn)
Python is widely used for data science and machine learning as it is capable to handle thousands of requests each minute. Popular applications running on Python include Instagram, Spotify, Amazon, Facebook.
3. PHP (Laravel, CodeIgniter, Symfony, Yii, Zend, Phalcon, CakePHP, FuelPHP)
It facilitates to provide uniform variable syntax, sensitive context, and abstract syntax, which makes the language consistent. If you are creating a blog or software-as-a-service app, PHP will be the right solution. Companies like Wikipedia, Tumblr, Slack, Etsy trusted PHP in the app development process.
4. Node.js (Express.JS, Koa.JS, Nest.JS, Loopback.io)
Goof for creating push capability for real-time websites. Inclusion of native modules can manage everything from files to computing resources and security.
5. ASP.Net –
.Net is going to be the best frameworks in future, the reason being its Versatility. Whether you build a website or want to Develop an App for Mobile or Desktop, .Net backend framework will help you all throughout.
When it comes to developing backend, Java is still the most preferred choice. You can either use Core Java or Java + Spring Boot to write a cutting edge, high-performance backend.
Databases that are in trend:
Provides high performance and scalability, facilitate multi-row transactions in a typical banking app.
This database is suitable for financial, manufacturing, research and scientific projects. It has great analytical capabilities and is capable to process large amounts of data.
This database has specific geospatial features. It is a geat choice when calculating distances and figuring out geospatial information about customers, as. This database tech stack can be used in e-commerce, event, and gaming apps.
The middleware, also known as ‘software glue’ layer consists of content management systems, web servers, and other similar tools supporting the web application development. Middleware enables communication between data and database.
Middleware is written in languages like C# or Java which facilitates data management and communication between the front-end and the back-end. Its main task involves: parsing, authentication and providing a standard way to communicate data between systems.
Some of the in trend Middleware technologies include TIBCO, CICS, Virtia and MQ.
Choosing the Right Technology Stack for Your Web App
Most entrepreneurs and companies fail because they make the following mistakes when choosing technology stack for their web app.
Do Not Rely on Internet Research
Internet can be quite confusing at times. Do not fully rely on internet studies, surveys, reports, and tech stack comparisons available on the internet.
On the internet, you’re likely to find many resources that carry an exactly opposite opinion than others may have. Relying on such resources will lead to take a wrong choice as a result. Expert advice is highly recommended before you end up choosing a tech stack based on your internet research.
Don’t Ever Go with Personal Preferences
A person with little or no knowledge and experience in application development can probably end up choosing the technology stack on his own. If you are too choose tech stack based on your personal preference then there are high chances of you going definitely fail.
Integrating wrong components in your technology stack can drastically affect your app functionality. Therefore, it is highly recommended to not to choose the profound tech stack for your app on your own unless you possess good knowledge about it.
Do Not Ever Copy Your Competitors
You can analyze the products your competitors is involved into or the tech stack they have used to build their website, but don’t ever try to copy their entire tech stack.
Every website is unique and when it’s about beating your competitors, you need to build a better website than your competitors. And you can only build it on using the technology stack superior to your competitors.
Don’t Go on Repeating the Use of tech stack
Every product is unique and it does need a unique website to display it to the audiences. Choosing the same technology stack that you have previously used can make you regret later for your decision. It doesn’t matter how successful your last project turned out, the repeated use of technology stack is inappropriate to be used for your current project.
Choose Tech Stack as Per the Size of Web App
The size of your web app project immensely affects your decision to choose the right technology stack. For instance, as your web app grows, the complexity increases as well. Selecting a technology stack that can handle the complexity over time is thus mandatory.
The web application size can be broadly classified into:
- Small-size web app that comprises of 1 to 3 web page sites, including portfolios, etc.
- Medium-size web app, basically financial apps, online stores, or enterprise applications that require more complex technology stack than small-sized. Recommended frameworks for these types include: Node JS, Angular, etc.
- Large-size web app, basically for on-demand marketplaces and social networks that require higher performance, better serviceability, and top-notch scalability.
The complexity even increases with the tech layers and third-party tools.
Consider Overall App Development Cost
Cost is an obvious factor to consider before finalizing a technology stack for your web app. How much you are willing to spend on to create a web app of your own? Is your web app cost-effective?
Well, we have a solution for this! Most of the technologies, tools, and frameworks used in web development are open-source and free-to-use. Though, at times, you should subscribe to the plan s to get access to their advanced features.
Consider Security Features
You must also consider security features before start building your web application. With the ever increasing cyber attacks rising every year, web app security concern is among top-most factors.
Most of the web development technologies have comprehensive security guidelines documents that can help you prevent cyber-attack threats. So, before selecting a tech stack, you should ensure this concern fulfils.
Other Factors worth Considering
- Scalability of your web app
- App Maintenance post release
So, now that you are aware of the essential factors to consider selecting right technology stack for your next web app, it’s time to convert plans into action. Combine right tech stack with quality app integrated with great user experience feature & right design able to target your audience!
Looking to build your web app using technology stacks currently trending in the IT sector? Contact us!
Rashmi Kanti is a passionate content writer & a blogger having written numerous blogs for IT domain. Being into the Blogging world for the past 4 years, she is presently contributing technology loaded articles & blogs regularly to QSS Technosoft. Rashmi has a proficient knowledge of the latest market trends in the mobile & web applications and expresses herself a big technology geek.